The massacre of 14 October 1973, and 6 October, 1976 were the memorable history for Thai people. The government killed a thousand guiltless people with no morality for hide their corruption by legislation the act to control the people that against them, and who used his power to benefit for themselves, this is not acceptable. The people want to rise the country up, but the government dose not care anything even the fall of the country. Even through, it is not good to bring this topic to talk in present day, it seems like to encourage and can bring these conflict back again.
In the past the administration was governed by the military, to accredited for themselves, to hide their mistake; corruption, want to be leader. This following information are about the communist in Thailand against the government’s policy and the government enforce to kill a thousand of guiltless people.
This was a long history of the Thai people against the government policies, which had the violent conflict fight. Thailand was changed from an Absolute monarchy to a constitutional monarchy. In the period of Phraya Manopakorn Nititada the first prime minister of Thailand. Pridi Phanomyong presented the “Yellow Book”, (Reformation of Thai economic, financial, social structure.)” or called “Draft National Economic Plan” to the government and the king. He also wrote that, “This change is not only the change of administration and make a coup, but it is an economic evolution.” It made the king and Phraya Manopakorn against this ideology. Pridi accused that he was a communist.
The CPT (Communist Party of Thailand) strategy was encircled the city and possession of the city. Thai government was worried and wanted to destroy communism out of Thailand. It was caused of The Massacre of 14 October 1973, more than 500,000 students from various universities, farmer, labor, or Thai people around the country were demonstrating against the corruption of government and exile Field Marshal Thanom Kittikachorm, Praphas Charusathien and Narong Kittikajorn at Thammasat University, Sanam Luang, and the Democracy monument. The militaries bombard from the helicopter. Students who tried to surrender were forced to lie on the ground. Numerous were shot to death and then hanged by the military and the Red Gaur (a group of youth, who were anti-communism.) By the official count from the government was 40 people died, 100 people were wounded, and 3,000 people were arrested.
King Bhumibol Adulyadej had a speech to broadcast on the Television Pool of Thailand that Thanom Kittikachorm, Praphas Charusathien and Narong Kittikajorn were already out of Thailand. Then the students were stop and cease fighting.
After that the Bangkok post and Dao Siam Newspaper had a big headline that the communist student mock hanged the model of the Crown Prince. The truth was the officer of Electricity Authority in Nakorn Phatom province, he posted the poster that against the gov., then he arrested and hanged and burned by the police on 25 September,1976.
So, the students were just set the performance to reminded, what was the government did to them. But, the news headline was accused the student that the perfomer looks like the Crown Prince. Some people said, the Dao Siam newspaper was manipulated the picture.
However the Thai army accused the student that they lese majesty and made the massacre again in 6 October, 1976. The return of Thanom Kittikachorm made the student protest again. There were a movement of Thai students, workers, or discussion in various Bangkok’s universities, or another province to attack the government and banished Thanom Kittikachorm. The movement of the communist at this time was more violently anger. At first, they were demonstrated at the Sanam Luang, then they moved in Thammasat University. Meanwhile, the police and militaries with weapons attacked the campus at Thammasat University to stop the student movement. They closed all exits and shot every student that resisted. Even the student were begging them to stopped shooting them, but the polices and militaries did not stop. The students were running away from the police that was bombarded. Some of the student could not fight with seriously injured and execute by hanged them. Some were burnt on the Ratchadumnern Road. Some were tortured and indecent assault on woman by militaries frontier. Several were beaten to death and then hanged. Those who attempted to escape by jumping into the Chaophraya River were shot at from naval vessels. A nurse student, was shot while trying to swim to save her life.
This crisis which was the communist against the government, and numerous of people were death.
The fall of communism in Thailand. Three thousand people of communist were arrested and executed. The left had to escape themselves out of the coup border, in the deep forest. After this massacre made more repression of the communist.